The Congestion Management Process (CMP) is a systematic approach that is collaboratively developed and implemented throughout a metropolitan region to provide for the safe and effective management and operation of new and existing transportation facilities through the use of demand reduction and operational management strategies.
NYMTC’s planning area is a Federally-designated transportation management area. Federal planning regulations require a Congestion Management Process in transportation management areas to manage traffic congestion through the integrated management and operation of the transportation system. The development of a Congestion Management Process should result in multimodal system performance measures and strategies that can be reflected in the Regional Transportation Plan and the Transportation Improvement Program.
The Federal government requires urbanized areas with a population over 200,000 to develop and implement a CMP as part of the metropolitan planning process, which also includes the Regional Transportation Plan (RTP), the Transportation Improvement Program (TIP), and the Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP).
The CMP evolved from the earlier congestion management system (CMS). In 2005, NYMTC first issued the 2005 Congestion Management System Status Report (2005 Report). The purpose of this report was to provide a summary of the status of congestion and congestion-reduction efforts in the NYMTC region. The main objective of the 2005 Report was to improve the operation of the regional transportation system and serve as a benchmark for comparing future reports on measuring progress towards congestion reduction.
In addition to the 2005 Report, NYMTC adopted the 2006 Update of the Congestion Management Process Procedures to describe the procedures used to evaluate the impact of the RTP on congestion at the regional level and the steps taken to develop strategies for managing congestion. These strategies are included in the TIP and the annual UPWP.
NYMTC’s revised 2009 CMP Status Report contains model-based estimates of current, and forecasts of future, traffic congestion in NYMTC’s planning area and specific performance measures which reflect the amount, severity and general locations of traffic congestion. In order to fulfill Federal requirements for a Congestion Management Process, the CMP Status Report is published every four years in conjunction with the release of NYMTC’s Regional Transportation Plan. NYMTC’s most recent 2010-2035 Plan, entitled A Shared Vision for a Shared Future, was adopted on September 24, 2009.